Pretransplantation immunoadsorption therapy in patients immunized with human lymphocyte antigen: effect of treatment and three years' clinical follow-up of grafts

Artif Organs. 1993 Aug;17(8):702-7 doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1594.1993.tb00618.x.

Sensitization against human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) occurs frequently in previously transplanted patients that lose a first cadaveric graft. To shorten their time on the waiting list and reduce the incidence of early rejection in such patients, we performed immunoadsorption therapy by a tryptophan column in 10 patients as an attempt to remove circulating antibodies prior to regrafting. Resynthesis of antibodies was suppressed with cyclophosphamide and prednisolone. Following the course of immunoadsorption therapy, the panel reactive antibodies (PRA) decreased by more than 50% from the pretreatment values. In the present study, 8 patients were transplanted with cadaveric renal grafts. At the time of follow-up, graft survival was 63% in these patients (2-36 months post-transplantation, mean 23 months). There was one incidence of acute rejection, one graft was lost within 48 h owing to renal artery thrombosis, and one was lost within 2 weeks as a result of stenosis. The serum creatinine levels were down to near normal during the first 3 weeks in hospital (p < 0.0001) and remained at this level during the period of follow-up. We conclude that immunoadsorption might be a beneficial pretransplantation therapy and an alternative to plasmapheresis in HLA-immunized patients awaiting kidney transplantation.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case Series / Case Control / Cohort
MESH HEADINGS: Adult; Aged; Cyclophosphamide; Extracorporeal Circulation; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Graft Survival; HLA Antigens; Humans; Immunization; Immunosorbent Techniques; Kidney Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Prednisolone; Preoperative Care; Reoperation